Plants are the greatest lifesavers in the present period. The climatic conditions we live in are deteriorating day by day. The temperature of the earth is rising at an alarming rate. There are problems with water contamination and air pollution. All these concerns are becoming universal and are slowly taking our lives.
But the question is, how do we escape these risks to the environment and our health? Growing plants and trees is the simplest way to avoid these obstacles.
The following are 4 significance of planting to the society.
1. Reduction of gas pollution
Pollution from gases such as CO2, CO and SO2 is on the rise in urban areas. Therefore, urban conditions are heavily polluted and are dangerous to live in. This is due to the expulsion of poisonous gases by factories and vehicles leading to a drop in the balanced oxygen ratio of the air. Diseases of different types are caused by air pollution.
Planting trees and shrubs on the roadside and parks helps to reduce gaseous pollution. These plants can also be grown in offices, neighbourhoods and educational institutions for oxygen balance in those environments.
2. Economic contribution
Plants contribute significantly to the economy. As one of the primary revenue sources, many countries depend on agriculture. The manufacture of food, beauty products, medicines, fabric, honey, gum, tannins, essential oils, alkaloids and resins, all of which yield capital is only possible through plants. Thus, planting is a way to contribute significantly to economic development. Even to this day, the economies of many countries are dependent primarily on plant materials.
3. Biofuel generation
In some countries, plants are grown to produce biofuels. Biofuels are fuels extracted from the biomass of plants. Common biofuels presently in use are ethanol and biodiesel. These bio-fuels keep vehicle engines in good condition and provide better mileage. These plant fuels also help save the economy by significantly reducing the import of oil and gas. Even waste from plants can be used to produce electrical energy. When in better living conditions, society as a whole will thrive.
4. Source of medicine
If you plant a medicinal tree or herb, you have contributed greatly to humanity’s wellbeing. Even for life-threatening illnesses, plants are a good source of medicine. In fact, some plants are the sole source of remedy for the disease(s) they are used to treat. When planting, people should take into consideration the medicinal herbs and not just plant for beautification purposes. Beneficial plants that can be grown include the cinchona tree, ginseng, foxglove plant, vinca Rosea shrub and serpentine wood. Plants as a source of medicine contribute to society positively too. When medicinal plants are grown, the morbidity and mortality rates in that environment decrease significantly. This increases the percentage of the healthy population which builds a competent workforce for the progress of the society.
Considering the great significance of plants to our society, we should endeavour to start planting more and strive for plant conservation.